Skip to content
We've helped thousands of households get free energy upgrades in the last 7 years
Warma UK logo

Who qualifies for free heating grants?

Heating grants in the UK are part of government initiatives aimed at improving energy efficiency and reducing heating costs for households. Just fill in our quick online application to check if you qualify for free heating grants!

Who qualifies for free heating grants?​

Who qualifies for free heating grants in the UK

In the UK, free heating grants are available through various government-backed schemes designed to improve home energy efficiency and support households in reducing their heating costs. 

These grants are aimed at helping low-income households, those living in energy-inefficient homes, and individuals receiving certain government benefits. To qualify for free heating grants in the UK, individuals must meet specific criteria outlined by various schemes:

ECO4 scheme:

The UK government offers free first-time central heating grants through the ECO4 Scheme, targeting low-income households.

Homeowners or private tenants receiving qualifying benefits can access grants for boiler replacements, central heating installations, and more. 

Eligibility criteria:

Receiving benefits:

If you receive any of the following benefits, you could be eligible for ECO4 funding: 

  • Income-based Jobseekers Allowance (JSA)
  • Income-related Employment & Support Allowance (ESA)
  • Income Support (IS)
  • Universal Credit (UC)
  • Housing Benefit
  • Working Tax Credit (WTC)
  • Child Tax Credits (CTC)
  • Pension Credit Guarantee
  • Pension Credit Savings Credit

The Child Benefit income threshold to qualify for ECO4 varies depending on how many children you have and whether you’re a single or two-parent household.

Single-parent households:

One child – £19,900
Two children – £24,800
Three children – £29,600
Four or more children – £34,500
Two-parent households:

One child – £27,500
Two children – £32,300
Three children – £37,200
Four or more children – £42,000

Individuals with health conditions exacerbated by living in cold homes, such as cardiovascular or respiratory conditions, disabilities, mental health issues, or being elderly or having young children, may also qualify for grants.

Income-based eligibility:

If your total household income (before tax) is less than £31,000 per annum, you could be eligible for a grant under the ECO4 Flex Scheme.

This income-based route to eligibility requires evidence of household income like bank statements, payslips, or tax returns to apply for the grant.

Property requirements:

To qualify for an ECO grant during the ECO4 phase of funding, your property must have an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating of D, E, F, or G if you own your home.

For rented properties from private landlords or housing associations, an EPC rating of E, F, or G is required to be eligible for a grant.

Vulnerability criteria:

Individuals considered vulnerable due to debts, age, having young family members, or other factors can access funding if they meet specific conditions like receiving Council Tax rebate or living in designated areas.

Home upgrade scheme (HUG2)

HUG 2 provides grants from an allocation of up to £700 million, with funding being delivered from early 2023 to 2025.

The scheme aims to improve energy efficiency, reduce fuel poverty, and contribute to the UK’s goal of achieving net zero emissions by 2050.

To be eligible for heating grants under the Home Upgrade Grant (HUG) Scheme in the UK, individuals must meet specific criteria as outlined by the scheme:

Property eligibility:

Properties eligible for HUG 2 funding must be domestic off-gas grid dwellings with an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating of band D or lower. 

Eligible households for the scheme must either have a combined gross annual income of under £31,000 or be located in economically deprived neighborhoods based on data from the Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2019.

Income criteria:

Homeowners who are on a low income, live off the main gas grid, and have an EPC rating ranging from D to G could receive a home upgrade grant under the HUG Scheme.
Private rented sector dwellings are also eligible, but landlords with a portfolio of four properties or fewer must contribute one third of the total cost of any upgrades.
The Boiler Upgrade Scheme (BUS), which will run until 2028, is a UK Government program. It helps by giving money upfront for the installation of heat pumps and biomass boilers in homes and buildings in England and Wales. This is to help reduce carbon emissions from heating.


To be eligible for the Boiler Upgrade Scheme (BUS) in the UK, you must meet the following criteria:

Property ownershipYou must own the property you’re applying for, which can include a business, a second home, or a property you rent out to tenants.

Installation dateThe new heating system must have been installed (or you plan to install it) on or after 1 April 2022.

Replacement of fossil fuel systemsYou must be replacing fossil fuel heating systems, such as oil, gas, or electric heating systems.

Energy performance certificate (EPC)Your property must have a valid EPC with no outstanding recommendations for loft or cavity wall insulation. If your property has recommendations for loft or cavity wall insulation, you must address these before applying unless installing such insulation would be unlawful or there are other exemptions.

Biomass boilersYou can get a grant for a biomass boiler if your property is off the gas grid, in a rural location, and the boiler has an emissions certificate showing that polluting emissions are kept to a minimum. Biomass boilers are not eligible for grants in new build properties or self-builds.

ExclusionsYou cannot get a grant for most new build properties, social housing, or properties that have already received government funding or support for a heat pump or biomass boiler.

Grant amountsThe scheme offers £7,500 off the cost and installation of an air source heat pump, £7,500 off the cost and installation of a ground source heat pump, and £5,000 off the cost and installation of a biomass boiler.

VAT reductionFrom 1 April 2022 to 31 March 2027, there is 0% VAT on the installation of energy-saving materials including heat pumps and biomass boilersc


Great british insulation scheme

To be eligible for the Great British Insulation Scheme in the UK, individuals must meet specific criteria based on their income, property type, and energy efficiency needs. Here are the key eligibility requirements for the scheme:

General group


Property type: Residents must live in a home within council tax bands A to D in England or A to E in Scotland and Wales, with an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating of D to G.

OwnershipHomeowners or tenants (including private renters) can apply for the scheme. Tenants need permission from their landlord before proceeding with insulation installations.

ContributionParticipants may be required to contribute a small amount towards the installation costs, typically around 10% of the total cost.

Low-income group eligibility:

Qualifying benefits: Individuals must receive specific benefits such as Child Benefit, Pension Guarantee Credit, Tax Credits, Universal Credit, Housing Benefit, or Pension Credit Saving Credit.

Energy efficiency: Homes must have an EPC rating of D to G and be identified as least efficient in terms of energy performance.

Health conditions: Eligibility may extend to households where a member has severe health conditions like cardiovascular issues, respiratory diseases, limited mobility, or immunosuppression adversely affected by living in a cold home.

Nest scheme

The Nest scheme in Wales, part of the Welsh Government Warm Homes program, offers free home energy efficiency improvements to eligible households. Here are the key eligibility criteria for the Nest scheme in Wales:

Means-tested benefit:

Households where someone is on a means-tested benefit or living with specific health conditions and on a low income may be eligible for funded home energy efficiency improvements.

Property type:

The property must be residential and not have been used for business purposes in the 12 months prior to the application.

Energy efficiency rating:

Homes rated D, E, F, or G for energy efficiency are considered for support under the scheme.


Both homeowners and private tenants are eligible. Landlord permission is required for rented properties, and landlords must be registered with Rent Smart Wales.

Previous benefits:

Properties that have already benefited from free home energy efficiency improvements under the Welsh Government Warm Homes program are not eligible for further improvements at the same property.

The Nest scheme aims to lower energy bills, reduce carbon footprints, and improve health and wellbeing by providing funding for energy efficiency improvements to low-income households and those in deprived communities across Wales. The scheme supports the Welsh Government’s goals of reducing climate change, eradicating fuel poverty, and boosting economic development.

Winter fuel payment

The Winter Fuel Payment is a scheme in the UK aimed at helping pensioners cover their heating costs during the colder months. Here is an overview of the eligibility criteria, payment amounts, and payment schedule for the Winter Fuel Payment:

Eligibility criteria:

Age requirement: Individuals born before 25 September 1957 are eligible for the Winter Fuel Payment.

Residency: Generally, you need to live in the UK to qualify for the payment. However, individuals who moved to certain eligible countries before 1 January 2021 and have a genuine link to the UK may also qualify.

Ineligibility cases: You may not be eligible if you were in hospital for the entire last year, in prison during a specific week, or lived in a care home for a continuous period.

Amount of payment:

Payment range: The Winter Fuel Payment amount ranges from £250 to £600.

Individual vs. household: If you live alone or no one else in your household is eligible, you may receive either £500 or £600 based on your birth date.

Household split: If you live with someone else who is eligible, the payment may be split between you based on birth dates and benefit receipt.

Payment schedule:

Payment method: The Winter Fuel Payment is paid directly into your bank account in November or December.

Payment reference: The payment will appear in your bank statement with a reference starting with your National Insurance number or ‘DFC WFP’ for individuals in Northern Ireland.

Non-receipt: If you do not receive a letter or the payment by 26 January 2024, it is advisable to contact the Winter Fuel Payment Centre.

The Winter Fuel Payment aims to assist pensioners with their heating bills during winter months. It is crucial to note that most eligible individuals receive the payment automatically if they are already receiving certain benefits like Pension Credit or State Pension. 

However, those living abroad or not receiving these benefits may need to make a claim directly.


There are several types of heating grants available, including:

Boiler Upgrade Scheme: Provides grants for installing low carbon heating systems like heat pumps and biomass boilers.

Home Upgrade Grant: Offers energy-saving improvements for homes without gas boilers, such as insulation and electric radiators.

Energy Company Obligation (ECO): A scheme where energy suppliers help households reduce heating costs by fitting energy-saving measures.

Central Heating Fund: Supports the installation of first-time central heating systems in eligible properties.

Yes, private tenants can qualify for heating grants, but they must have permission from their landlord. Social housing tenants may have access to different schemes.

If your boiler isn’t very old, you may still be eligible for a grant under certain conditions. The Energy Company Obligation (ECO) programme, for instance, requires that the existing boiler must be at least 8 years old to qualify for a boiler grant.

 However, the Boiler Upgrade Scheme (BUS) does not specify an age requirement for the boiler but focuses on replacing existing fossil fuel heating systems with low carbon heating systems such as heat pumps or biomass boilers.

For the Boiler Upgrade Scheme, you must be replacing a fossil fuel heating system (such as oil, gas, or electric) and your property must have a valid Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) with no outstanding recommendations for loft or cavity wall insulation.

 If your boiler is not very old but you are looking to replace a fossil fuel system with a more efficient, low carbon option, you may be eligible for a grant under this scheme.

To apply for a heating grant with Warma UK, follow these simple steps:

  1. Application: Fill out the online application form for a central heating grant. This form evaluates your eligibility for government funding. .

  2. Survey: After a successful application, We will arrange a free, no-obligation survey of your property. During this survey, we’ll determine the maximum grant available and provide advice on energy-efficient products to reduce your bills.

  3. Installation: Once everything is in order, our experienced local engineers will install the chosen products at a convenient time for you.

Yes, there are grants available for various energy-saving measures, including insulation, electric storage heaters, and renewable energy systems like heat pumps.

Typically, you do not have to pay back a heating grant as they are designed to provide financial assistance for energy efficiency improvements.

Landlords can apply for heating grants provided their tenants are eligible under the scheme’s criteria.

If you don’t qualify for any grants, there may be other financing options available, such as the Green Deal, which uses savings from your energy bill to pay for improvements. You can also contact local charities or Citizens Advice for additional support.


Apply for a grant today